Pavlovsk is a municipal town in Pushkinsky District of the federal city of St. Petersburg, located 30 kilometers (19 mi) south from St. Petersburg proper and about 4 kilometers (2.5 mi) southeast from Pushkin.
The town developed around the Pavlovsk Palace, a major residence of the Russian imperial family. Between 1918 and 1944, its official name was Slutsk, after the revolutionary Vera Slutskaya, and then was changed back to Pavlovsk. Pavlovsk is part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site Saint Petersburg and Related Groups of Monuments.
— transfer: Gostinti Dvor Metro Station — Pavlovsk — Gostinti Dvor Metro Station.
— tickets and excursion (Palace and Park)
Pavlovsk Palace. Formation of the collections of the Pavlovsk Palace is associated with the travel of the owners of Pavlovsk across Europe in 1781-1782. Visiting the workshops of famous masters, they bought and ordered paintings, sculpture, furniture, bronze products, silk fabrics, porcelain sets. The royal people presented them with various gifts that went into the decoration of the halls of the palace. The museum is famous for its unique collections of fine and decorative art. A special place is occupied by a collection of ancient art: Roman marble sculpture, bronze plastics and glass (1st century AD — 3rd century AD). First-class samples of West-European and Russian sculptures of the XVIII century adorn the palace halls with landscape compositions of the park — works by Italian masters A. Algardi, P. Baratta, the brothers Collini, K. Albachini, Russian sculptors M. Kozlovsky, I. Martos, F. Gordeev, I. Vitali . In the collection of Western European painting are: the Italian school of the XVI-XVIII centuries works of A. Bronsino, F. Albani, G. Reni, Sassoferato, P. Battoni, F. Guardi; Dutch and Flemish schools of the 16th-18th centuries by the paintings of A. Ostade, K. Pulenburg, Marceus van Skrik, P. Rubens, D. Teniers; French schools of the XVII-XVIII centuries by the works of S. Lebrun, P. Minyar, G. Robert. The collection of Russian portrait painting and Russian landscapes of the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries is rich and diverse. From the museum objects of decorative and applied art the collection of porcelain of the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries as the West European, especially the Sevres Porcelain Manufactory, and the Russian, the production of the Imperial Porcelain Factory, is most fully represented. Among the pieces of furniture the most interesting are the works of David Roentgen (Germany) and Henri Jacob (France), as well as Russian furniture according to the drawings of A. Voronikhin. In the decoration of the halls of the palace a large place is occupied by works of French decorative art of the XVIII century: tapestries, silk furniture upholstery and drapery, porcelain sets and sets, lamps, sconces, candelabra and bronze hours. In the museum collections there are collections of miniatures, watercolors, drawings, engravings, suits, fabrics, embroideries, laces, fans, rare books, household items, glass, colored stone products, «Special Pantry» fund.
Pavlovsk Park. Pavlovsk Park — a unique monument of landscape art of the late XVIII-early XIX century. Together with the Pavlovsk Palace is a single artistic palace and park ensemble. Its history begins with the foundation of Pavlovsk in 1777. Initially, these were forest lands, where royal hunting was arranged. With the appearance of the first modest wooden palaces Paullusta and Mariental, small gardens on the hilly banks of Slavyanka began to be created around them. Pavilions, bridges, ruins, flower beds were typical for the Russian manor. The transformation of the forest into a park begins with the appearance of C. Cameron, who creates a new landscape park project on the banks of the Slavyanka River, which is the connecting artery of the park. It is in the 2nd floor. XVIII century in Europe there is a fashion for landscape parks. It is first asserted in England, why such parks are called English.